It is the clenching of the teeth or grinding of the teeth while sleeping. Clenching is usually of neurological or dental origin. Teeth grinding and squeezing caused by the activity of chewing muscles throughout the day or only at night is scientifically defined as bruxism. People with tooth clenching disease have 3 times more muscle activity than other people.
What Are The Causes of Tooth Clenching (Bruxism)?
Some of the causes of clenching disease are:
- Family genetic factors
- Medical drugs
- Psychological and Neurological diseases
- Sleep and stress disorders
Apart from these, inequality in the mouth fillings, rotten teeth, missing teeth and even faulty prosthesis also cause tooth tightening, also known as bruxism.
What Are The Symptoms of Bruxısm?
Sleep is one of the most important factors affecting our lives. One of the most important symptoms of bruxism is waking up tired in the morning due to poor quality sleep. Some of the complaints are that they do not want to participate in social activities and the person feels constantly tense.
Wear, fracture and hot-cold sensitivity in teeth can be given as examples of important symptoms. In addition, recessions in the gums and the formation of permanent wounds in the mouth are some of the other symptoms of tooth clenching disease.
Excessive contractions in the jaw and facial muscles as a result of clenching the teeth cause the patient to feel very severe pain. In addition, one of the most prominent features of bruxism is persistent headache and migraine.
It is certain that bruxism negatively affects human life. All of these problems mentioned are a big problem.
How Do I Know If I Have Bruxism?
Since the clenching action usually takes place during sleep, patients cannot easily notice it. The dentist can diagnose this disease by examining the teeth and jaw joint. Because by clenching our teeth, we can cause great damage to our teeth. For this, it is very important to have regular dentist control.
How Is Bruxism Treated?
Bruxism can be treated in five ways.
- Somatically with Botox
- Functionally, with the completion of missing teeth
- With the arrangement of incorrect or broken closures
- With pharmacological complementary methods
The aforementioned treatment methods are used not only in the treatment of bruxism, but also in the treatment of sleep disorders.
In our clinic located in Antalya Muratpaşa, there are two types of treatment methods we recommend to bruxism patients. The first is the night plate made as a result of the measurements taken from the mouth of our patients. Night plaque protects patients’ teeth, tissues and jawbones from damage in bruxism treatment. The second is to apply botox on the chewing muscles. Thanks to the botox we do on the chewing muscles, our patients can no longer clench their teeth as before and feel a great relief after botox.
The relaxation of the muscles is a process that takes almost two years. In this relaxation process, sleep and psychological problems that may cause bruxism, and stressful factors should be tried to be eliminated. During this treatment, botox application relaxes the muscles, protects your joints and teeth and prevents you from experiencing a painful process.