Diode laser use in dentistry
It has been increasingly used in laser dentistry in recent years. In dentistry, there are advantages such as a surgical procedure without bleeding, reduction of anesthesia need, reduction of postoperative pain and disinfection. The laser is composed of the initials of the words “Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation” . It is the strengthening of light by the emission of radiation.
Low level laser therapy
It is known as biostimulation and soft laser. It is a semiconductor aluminum,gallium, arsenide combination laser that is solid in its active state. It can be used safely in enamel, dentin and cementum. It is not absorbed in dental tissues. It is used for soft tissue incision, periodontal treatment, canal or root canal sterilization, removal of dentin sensitivity and hypersensitivity, tearing pain, teeth whitening.
Application of diode lasers accelerates wound healing.
- Soft tissue surgical wounds in the mouth,
- Recurrent aphthous stomatitis lesions (aphthae),
- Aesthetic dentistry,
- Gingival discoloration,
- In the aesthetic leveling of the gums,
- In gum incisions,
- In tooth extraction areas (soft tissue healing and acceleration of bone filling),
- In secondary dentin construction after pulp removal,
- In the treatment of oral mucositis after cancer treatments,
- In mouth sores caused by prostheses,
- To stop bleeding,
- In joint damage.
It is applied in the treatment of periimplantitis. Anesthesia is not required in laser biostimulation applications. Dental lasers offer less invasive, bleeding-free and painless treatments. Protective glasses should be used during laser use.
Laser and Pediatric Dentistry
Lasers have many uses in pediatric dentistry, both in hard and soft tissues. Soft tissue lasers are used in canal disinfection, tissue stimulation and soft tissue surgeries. Laser use may be preferred in amputation and capping treatment. In endodontic treatments, it is used in many cases such as root canal shaping, apical resection, intra-canal disinfection, smear layer removal, and apical foramen occlusion. Photodynamic therapy with diode laser reduces microorganisms in root canal treatments of deciduous teeth with necrotic pulp. With the use of lasers, the duration of treatment of pediatric patients is reduced and patient cooperation is increased during treatment. Diode lasers have a very important usage area in soft tissue injuries and dental traumas. Since diode lasers apply laser to the tissue at a low energy level, they stimulate the tissues in the area and create an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.